Metastatic Spine Tumors (Cancer)
The metastatic tumors of the spine (cancer) are the ones that have spread to spinal column from other parts of the body. If the tumor has the potential to grow, it is usually a sign that it is cancerous. The range of 30 to 70%% of patients with cancer suffer from metastatic spinal cancer in its course of cancer. The thyroid, prostate, lung kidney and breast cancers are the top five commonly diagnosed cancers that can develop into the spinal column.
Metastatic spinal cancer manifests as neck or back pain , depending on the part of the spine is affected. The mid Back (Thoracic) location is the more frequent site. Back pain is always present and can not be relieved with rest or painkillers. The pain that occurs at night is a sign of a more serious issue with the spine. If cancer damages the spine/vertebral column, then the spinal nerves/roots as well as the spinal cord could be in pressure and manifest as neurological disorders, including radiating pain down the legs and arms and legs, weakness or numbness in arms or legs, bladder incontinence, or bowel problems.
The timely diagnosis and treatment are required to alleviate pain, improve the neurological function and the quality of life. Treatment strategies for the spinal cancer and spinal tumors will vary based on the type of tumor and aggressiveness as well as other aspects. The treatment can be either curative or curative, and should be developed through a multi-disciplinary team approach that involves oncologist radiotherapist, pathologist and surgeon. Surgery for the spine that involves surgical decompression and stabilisation of the spine is suggested for patients with neurological impairment and instability of the spine. After surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy is recommended based on the type of cancer.