What Are the Different Diseases Which Come Under Neurosurgery?
The nervous system’s most important components are the brain and the spinal cord. It functions as a relay. It relays information to various parts of the body. The nervous system is responsible for the actions of the body. The nervous system can be divided into two categories: the central nervous system (or peripheral nervous system). They work together to ensure that our bodies function well. This system may not function normally due to certain diseases. Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with diseases and conditions of the nervous system. Neurosurgery is used when the treatment involves surgical intervention.
Below are some conditions that a neurosurgeon can treat.
* Brain Tumor
It refers to abnormal brain cells. They can start in the brain, or elsewhere and travel to it. A malignant tumor can be cancerous, while a benign tumor is not. Its growth rate depends on how large the tumor is. The tumor’s function is determined by its growth.
Glioma and brain metastases are some examples of types of cancer. These are caused by a DNA mutation error. This is diagnosed by symptoms like headaches, nausea, vomiting and vision problems.
This is a grouping of neurological disorders that causes abnormal brain activity, leading to seizures. It is characterized by a sudden, unusual pattern of behavior that causes loss of awareness and sensation. Patients may notice different symptoms. Some people can twitch their arms, while others can stare blankly at a blank spot.
If they last more than five minutes, you should see a doctor. After it stops, consciousness cannot be restored. This can be caused by many factors, including genes, brain injuries, and other conditions.
* Pituitary Tumor
Pituitary tumors are malignant tumors that originate in the pituitary gland. They are usually not cancerous and do not spread to other areas of the body. They reduce hormone production in the glands. In every case, there may not be any symptoms. These tumors can cause headaches, vision loss, cold, and other symptoms.
These are some of the most common treatments:
* Brain Tumor Surgery
It’s an operation to remove brain tumors. The type and severity of the tumor will determine the extent of surgery. The doctor will recommend it as the first option. There are many surgical options. Cortical mapping identifies the brain areas that control language and senses. Craniotomy can be used if the skull must be opened. First, you are given anesthesia. Next, incisions are made into the scalp to remove any remaining tumors.
* Epilepsy Surgery
This is a procedure that can be used to treat seizures. This surgery aims to remove the specific part of the brain that causes seizures. Vagus nerve stimulation is a procedure that places a device under the skin to reduce seizure onset by providing an electric jolt. Temporal lobe epilepsy can be treated by removing the affected brain tissue. This method removes the focal point of the seizure.
* Deep Brain Stimulation
This is a common surgical procedure that is used to treat OCD, Parkinson’s disease and Dystonia. The electrodes are placed in specific parts of the brain. These electrodes produce electrical impulses which regulate abnormal impulses. A device that looks similar to a pacemaker controls the impulses. Side effects may include headaches, seizures, infections, headaches, stoke, temporary discomfort at the site where the implantation was made, and other side effects.